Why are our sexual responses?
Sexuality is a very broad and complex topic. It is associated with many biological, psychological and socio-cultural practices that have a direct impact on the quality of our sex life. Biological factors include physiological processes, biological and sexual responses. The proper conduct of sexual response condition the endocrine, nervous and vascular systems. For example, the nervous system controls the transfer of information in the body. Our sexual responses, among other things influenced by: dopamine, epinephrine, and norepinephrine, which promote sexual activity. In turn, serotonin acts, conversely, inhibiting it.
Female endocrine system is a complex mechanism, which periodically can cause a decrease or increase libido. The operating direction is dependent on the level of the female hormones which change in different phases of the menstrual cycle. Estrogens – female hormones activate woman sexually. In contrast, progesterone acts on the contrary, reducing the sexual activity. The level of female hormones change during pregnancy, lactation and menopause. Theoretically, the highest intensity of libido should be during ovulation. However, sexual activity can be suppressed by various psychological factors, eg. fear of unwanted pregnancy.